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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

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Thanks to a broad, aggressive eradication campaign, tuberculosis (TB) is a relatively minor issue in the United States; but it is a growing problem among the nation's immigrants, who come from countries where the respiratory disease is endemic. In 2008, nearly 12,900 tuberculosis cases were reported in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. The TB rate declined 3.8% from 2007 to 4.2 cases per 100,000 population, the lowest rate recorded since national reporting began in 1953.

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Studies have shown that breastfeeding significantly reduces health risks for babies and their mothers. So how many Californians are breastfeeding their babies? Not enough. See our interactive charts and sort the data by ethnicity, income and gender.

Visit Health Dialogues to view the graph:

http://www.kqed.org/assets/graph/breastfeeding/index.jsp

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This isn't yet posted on the California Department of Public Health website, but officials just alerted reporters that a Contra Costa County child has died from swine flu. Here's information from the release. ReportingonHealth also has a helpful guide to covering the current swine flu outbreak.

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Remarkable progress has been made in the search for solutions to fertility problems since the first child was conceived by in vitro fertilization (IVF) in 1978 in England (in 1981 in the United States.) The odds of both pregnancy and a live birth have increased substantially with assisted reproductive technology treatments. Of the 138,198 treatments performed at 483 centers in the U.S. in 2006, 41,343 deliveries occurred, resulting in 54,656 infants, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Assisted Reproductive Technology Report.

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MRSA, otherwise known as the "Superbug," often sends the media into frenzy, particularly when a person contracts it in a locker room or a college dorm and dies. There are two types, community-associated and health-care-associated, and they are often confused. Community-based infections account for few deaths or serious disabilities, yet receive most of the media's attention. Health-care-associated infections accounted for 85 percent of the reported cases and almost 18,000 deaths in 2005, according to a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimate released in 2007.

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Dr. William H. Dietz is the director of the Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity at the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta. Prior to his appointment, he was a professor of pediatrics at the Tufts University School of Medicine and director of clinical nutrition at the Floating Hospital of New England Medical Center Hospitals. His work in the field of pediatric obesity includes the first study to demonstrate the relationship between television viewing and obesity, the earliest report that overweight was increasing among U.S.

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Tamara Dukes is a coach with Oakland-based National Equity Project (formerly known as BayCES), an organization dedicated to helping schools, district and nonprofit organizations educate low-income children of color. Previously, she was director of Youth Alive's Teens on Target, an Oakland-based youth violence prevention and leadership program that trains young people from neighborhoods with high rates of violence to present interactive violence prevention workshops to middle and high school students, and to educate policy makers, community members and the media on solutions to violence.

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Steven (Steve) A. Escoboza is president and CEO of the Hospital Association of San Diego and Imperial Counties, a nonprofit trade association representing hospitals and health systems. Escoboza participates in the California Healthcare Association's Executive Management Group, attends meetings of the American Hospital Association Region Nine Policy Board and serves on the Conference of Metropolitan Hospitals Association Board. Locally, Escoboza is active on a number of state and local health-related boards and committees.

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Dr. Steven A. Schroeder is distinguished professor of health and health care in the division of general internal medicine in the department of medicine at the University of California, San Francisco, where he also heads the Smoking Cessation Leadership Center. Between 1990 and 2002, he was president and chief executive officer of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

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The nation's top infectious disease specialist will join us for a conversation with national health reporter Dan Diamond of The Washington Post. We’ll talk about the evolving threat posed by monkeypox, the current state of the COVID pandemic, and broader lessons on how we respond to emerging diseases. Sign-up here!

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