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Quiet Epidemic of Prescription Drug Abuse Taking a Toll on Santa Barbara County

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Quiet Epidemic of Prescription Drug Abuse Taking a Toll on Santa Barbara County

Picture of Bill Macfadyen

This article was written by Noozhawk Staff Writer Lara Cooper as part of Day 1 in Noozhawk's 12-day, six-week special investigative series. Related links are below.

The Noozhawk's Prescription for Abuse series is a special project exploring the misuse and abuse of prescription medications in Santa Barbara County. Our series is a result of an exciting and unique partnership with USC's Annenberg School for Communication & Journalism, which awarded Noozhawk a California Endowment Health Journalism Fellowship to undertake this important work.

Through our reporting and presentation, we will establish an independent baseline of where our community is with respect to the misuse and abuse of prescription medications; how the problem is affecting health care, education, law enforcement, criminal justice, addiction and treatment, and our culture and society; what we as a community can do to educate ourselves about prevention and controls; and how we can perhaps reverse what appears to be a very troubling trend.

Noozhawk staff writers Lara Cooper and Giana Magnoli are the lead reporters on the project, and they've been assisted by managing editor Michelle Nelson; reporters Alex Kacik and Sonia Fernandez; interns Kristin Crosier, Jessica Ferguson, Tim Fucci, Kristen Gowdy, Jessica Haro, Daniel Langhorne, Alexa Shapiro, Sam Skopp, Erin Stone and Sarah Webb; photographers Garrett Geyer and Nick St.Oegger; content producer Cliff Redding; and Web development staffers Will Macfadyen and Edgar Oliveira.

Ashley Almada, Garrett Geyer, Hailey Sestak and Billy Spencer of the Santa Barbara Teen News Network filmed more than two dozen public-service videos featuring many of our story sources.

The project is sponsored by the Santa Barbara Foundation in partnership with KEYT, sbTNN and Zona Seca. The Annenberg School is assisted by the Renaissance Journalism Center at San Francisco State University.

 

Day One:

» Quiet Epidemic of Prescription Drug Abuse Taking a Toll on Santa Barbara County

» After Losing It All, Former Drug Addict Looking Forward to Renewed Life

» USC, California Endowment Unite to Support Health Journalism at the Source

» Bill Macfadyen: Prescription for Abuse Project Is a Series of Opportunities

Day Two:

» Local, National Statistics Reveal Alarming Jumps in Misuse and Abuse of Medications

» Marijuana Use Trends Higher, Especially Among Young Adults, Sparking Public Health Concerns

» Alcohol Plays a Role All Its Own in Setting the Stage for Local Abuse, Overdoses

Day Three:

» Understanding Addiction Key to Dealing With Prescription Drug Abuse

» Donna Genera Has Seen the Price and Perils of Drug Addiction from All Sides

» Rich Detty Bears Burden of Not Knowing Extent of Dead Son's Drug Use

Day Four:

» Escalation of Drug Overdose Deaths Includes Increased Presence of Prescription Medications

» Santa Barbara Teen News Network Adds Another Dimension to Prescription Drug Abuse Series

» Dr. Chris Lambert Sounds Warning on Mixing Prescription Drugs with Alcohol

Day Five:

» Local Oversight of Prescription Medications Is Far More Focused Than State, Federal Controls

» Elderly Are Particularly Vulnerable to Both Misuse and Abuse of Prescription Drugs

» Second-Generation Pharmacist Peter Caldwell Fills a Vital Role with Patient Health Care

Day Six:

» Early Education for Parents and Youth Emerges as Critical Tactic to Thwart Drug Use

» Student Highs Can Lead to Tragic Woes with Addiction's Hook Just One Fateful Step Away

» From an Early Age, Shereen Khatapoush Saw the Horrors of Substance Abuse

» As a Parent Herself, Prosecutor Von Nguyen Brings Empathy to Job in Juvenile Justice

Day Seven:

» Law Enforcement Fights Battle Against Prescription Drug Abuse from Outside and Inside

» Sheriff Bill Brown a Strong Supporter of Re-Entry, Drug Abuse Treatment Efforts

» Speaking from Experience, Zona Seca's Kevin Smith Keeps Drug Abusers on Road to Recovery

Day Eight:

» Prescription Drug System Is Rife with Loopholes, Fraud and Lack of Oversight

» For Clinical Psychologist Neil Rocklin, Addiction Education Can't Begin Soon Enough

Day Nine:

» Drug Abuse Treatment Programs, Expertise Are Plentiful on South Coast

» Dr. David Agnew Sees Pain as Pathway to Abuse But Cautions Against Overreaction

Day Ten:

» Awareness, Disposal Key Elements to Reversing Tide of Prescription Drug Abuse

» Dr. Joe Blum Keeps Focus on His Veteran Patients Despite Health-Care System's Restraints

Day Eleven:

» Operation Medicine Cabinet Gets the Drop on Prescription Drug Disposal

» Lacey Johnson Gives UCSB Students an Education in Dealing with Drug Abuse and Addiction

Day Twelve:

» Santa Barbara County Officials Look for Solutions in Battle Against Prescription Drug Abuse

» Noozhawk Journalists Recount Lessons Learned from Prescription Drug Abuse Series

» Annenberg Fellowships Take a Diverse Approach to Community Health Journalism

» Dr. Nancy Leffert Champions Antioch University's Role in Fight Against Substance Abuse

» Professionals Working in Addiction Field Often Share Roots at Antioch University Santa Barbara

Evidence of addiction shows an alarming escalation, Noozhawk finds in Prescription for Abuse special report
Noozhawk
Sunday, September 11, 2011

Many Americans might cite cocaine or heroin if asked to identify the country’s leading cause of overdose deaths.

Wrong answer.

Nationally, prescription medications are involved in more such deaths than cocaine and heroin combined, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Santa Barbara County has been mirroring that troubling trend.

Local addiction experts and law enforcement officials have been saying for years that Santa Barbara County has a drug problem, and an examination of county Coroner’s Office records reveals that the perception is actually the reality.

Drug- and alcohol-related deaths have nearly doubled in Santa Barbara County between 2005 and 2009, to 111 from 59. And the records show that more victims are ending up in the Coroner’s Office with the presence of prescription drugs in their systems. In fact, officials say it’s no longer unusual to find as many as 15 different prescription medications, in addition to cocaine, heroin or methamphetamines, and alcohol and marijuana.

Noozhawk first became aware of these numbers in the course of its daily reporting in mid-2010. The high number of fatal overdoses in 2009 meant officials couldn’t analyze why the deaths were occurring because they were coming in so quickly.

Noozhawk realized the issue deserved a closer look and decided to use its California Endowment Health Journalism Fellowship from USC’s Annenberg School for Communication & Journalism as the opportunity to do so.

Noozhawk staff requested data spanning 2005 to 2009 from the Sheriff’s Department, which operates the Coroner’s Office. That documentation led to the discovery that morphine, a prescription medication, was the most prominent drug found in the systems of fatal overdose victims, second only to methamphetamines.

The list also included methadone, opiates and benzodiazpenes.

The list of the top drugs found from the five-year span:

» Methamphetamine

» Morphine

» Hydrocodone

» Methadone

» Diazepam

» Cocaine

» Nordiazepam

» Marijuana

» Codeine

» Hydrocodol

In 2009, morphine was the most common drug found in the toxicology reports, just after caffeine and cotinine, a byproduct of cigarette smoke. Methamphetamines dropped to seventh on the list for that year, preceded by prescription drugs like methadone and Clonazepam.

Prescription medications in and of themselves aren’t a problem when they have a purpose and are used as prescribed by a doctor, said Dr. Sherif El-Asyouty of Recovery Road Medical Center, an outpatient addiction treatment program in Santa Barbara.

“They become drugs when they are used for different reasons than what was intended, or in larger amounts or when you get them outside the prescribing source,” he said.

Throughout Noozhawk’s interviews, a common perception emerged among drug users: a prescription drug must be safe because a doctor provided it. Lisa W., a former addict who spoke with Noozhawk on the condition that her full name not be used, said a physician wrote her a prescription for opiates for treatment of back pain. She used that as justification for taking large amounts of the pills, even though she had a history of heroin abuse.

“I was thinking, “This is a prescription, you got it through a doctor so it’s OK, you can take these,” she said.

The mother of three eventually became hooked, began injecting the drugs for a faster high and nearly died after a staph infection from a dirty needle reached her heart.

Lisa also saw prescription drug abuse rip apart her family after she and her husband were arrested for drug possession. They were charged with child endangerment and lost custody of their youngest child.

“Addiction had robbed us of everything, including our good sense, including the love that we had for our kids,” she said.

The larger costs of dealing with drug abuse add up quickly. On the law enforcement side, more than 80 percent of those in jail are there for drug- and alcohol-related crimes, according to Chuck McClain, supervisor of the Sheriff’s Treatment Program at the County Jail and a former addict himself.

Prescription drugs can be the bridge back to addiction for a recovering addict, according to McClain.

“I cannot tell you how many times I’ve had people who’ve had several or many years of sobriety, and all of a sudden they have a back problem or something like that and the doctor gives them a pain pill and these people are no longer sober,” he said.

“They’re back to their old drug of choice along with their prescription.”

Doctors who overprescribe, ways the regulatory and control systems fall short, treatment and resources, and public awareness and education are all topics Noozhawk will be exploring throughout this six-week series. But with every article, Noozhawk is hopeful of keeping the reader focused on the most important part: the human toll prescription drug abuse can — and is — taking on Santa Barbara County.

Just a week before Noozhawk talked with McClain, he had learned of a previous Sheriff’s Treatment Program client dying of overdose.

“He had several years of sobriety and all of a sudden he had some problems ... and was on some pain meds, came in and out of here on a regular basis after that and OD’d last week,” he told Noozhawk in July.

“He’s gone ... So his family is left with an emotional wreckage that’s unbelievable.”

Noozhawk staff writer Lara Cooper can be reached at lcooper@noozhawk.com. Follow Noozhawk on Twitter: @noozhawk or @NoozhawkNews. Connect with Noozhawk on Facebook.